Dating medieval chivalry

The titular Roland is leading the rear guard when his men are ambushed while crossing the Pyrenees Mountains.

Rather than alert Charlemagne to the ambush by blowing a horn, Roland and his men face the ambush alone, so as not to risk the lives of the king and his troops.

It was developed between the 11th and 12th century.

In medieval Europe, a code of ethics known as chivalry developed which included rules and expectations that the nobility would, at all times, behave in a certain manner.

The Code of Chivalry was the code of conduct followed by the knights during the medieval period.Despite this, when Richard ascended the English throne later that year, William became one of his most dependable generals and was left to govern England when Richard departed for the Holy Land.Nearly thirty years later in 1217, a 70-year-old William Marshall defeated an invading French army at Lincoln.The clergy keenly promoted chivalry with the code requiring knights to swear an oath to defend the church and defenceless people.This relationship between religion and warfare only heightened with the Arab conquest of the Holy Lands and the resulting Crusades to reclaim them for Christendom from the end of the 11th century CE.

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Roland dies in battle a martyr and his act of valour is seen as exemplifying the courage and selflessness of a true knight and vassal to the king.

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